- The proper name of the God of Israel. The name Yahweh was
used to express the nature of God, while other names stressed His
various attributes. Yahweh is called the “tetragrammaton” from the
four consonants YHWH employed in the Hebrew. It was God’s name as it
was revealed to Moses, and was translated by the writers of the
Septuagint as Kyrios, Lord. God’s proper name was “I am who am”, but
Israel was to address Him, Yahweh, “He is”. This expresses God’s
absolute and unchangeable Being in all His perfection.
Ecclesiastical - The year which begins on the first
Sunday of Advent and is the start of the Christmas cycle which
includes Advent, Christmas, and the Epiphany. Next follows the
Easter cycle and includes Lent, Easter and Pentecost. Each cycle
includes a period of preparation for a big feast (Advent and Lent),
the feast itself (Christmas or Easter) and a following season
(Epiphany and Pentecost). The chief movable feasts of the Church are
governed by the date on which Easter falls each year. In 325 the
Council of Nicaea fixed Easter Sunday as the first Sunday which
occurs after the first full moon on or after March 21st.
Consequently, Easter may vary from March 22 to April 25.